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(In experienced hands, laser treatment of eye floaters is perhaps the safest procedure of intraocular eye surgery. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration when approving YAG lasers for this procedure, classified this as a non-significant risk procedure.)

In June 2002 Dr. Karickhoff began his formal research study to determine the effectiveness and safety of laser treatment of eye floaters. This is the only Institutional Review Board and U.S. FDA supervised study ever done on laser treatment of floaters.  The study had been formally reviewed to ensure that the study was well designed, all possible subject safeguards were built in, any complications would be promptly reported, and subjects would be informed about all aspects of the study including the risks and benefits.

Preparation for the Formal Study

The preparation for this study was extensive. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration had not previously approved the use of a YAG laser to treat vitreous opacities. Therefore, a seven inch thick application, along with our 61 patient pilot study, was submitted to them to obtain an Investigational Device Exemption for use of a YAG laser in our study. They ruled that our study was a non-significant risk device study and further ruled that a conventional YAG laser could be used in our study without an Investigational Device Exemption. The study was then organized under FDA guidelines.

Another extensive document for the study was submitted to the Inova Fairfax Hospital Institutional Review Board of Falls Church, Virginia. This hospital is consistently ranked in the top 100 hospitals in America. The Board voted to approve and to monitor the study. An informed consent document approved by the Institutional Review Board was obtained from each patient. All data and progress of the study was sent to that Board and also to the FDA. These important steps make the study eligible for publication in peer review journals. One year follow up of the last patient in our study was obtained in March 2005.

The Results of the Study were:

  1. the laser procedure was successful (using the five criteria of success) in 92 per cent of patients,
  2. when the procedure was not successful, no patient was made worse, there was no harm done, and there was no evidence that a procedure had been done, and
  3. there were no significant complications.